In recent years, cars are rapidly transforming from mechanical compounds to smart moving computers, primarily to improve transportation safety, efficiency and convenience. However, contemporary smart cars require heavy instrumentation and dedicated systems, which can severely limit their scalability, deployability and accessibility to a large user base and region/country. I will discuss a set of latest technologies of integrating smartphones with vehicular systems to meet these challenges – a versatile computational platform that has unprecedented penetration into the global market. Such an integration may has the potential for safer, more comfortable and efficient on-road transportation at scale.
This talk will cover technical challenges in exploiting mobile devices to achieve/enhance vehicle intelligence. Specifically, I will cover research efforts of pushing the frontier of integrating mobile devices from four key perspectives: advanced driver-assistance systems, driving safety, vehicular security, and vehicular data collection. I will start by showing how the motion sensor within smartphones can help detect vehicle turns. Then, I will discuss how smartphones can be used for sensing the phone’s location and authenticating the driver. Finally, I will highlight the smartphone’s capabilities in securing vehicular systems and enabling flexible vehicular data collection.
KANG G. SHIN is the Kevin & Nancy O'Connor Professor of Computer Science in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His current research focuses on QoS-sensitive computing and networking as well as on embedded real-time and cyber-physical systems, such as autonomous vehicles.
He has supervised the completion of 82 PhDs, and authored/coauthored more than 900 technical articles, one a textbook and more than 40 patents or invention disclosures, and received numerous best paper awards, including the Best Paper Awards from the 2011 ACM International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom’11), the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing, the 2010 and 2000 USENIX Annual Technical Conferences, as well as the 2003 IEEE Communications Society William R. Bennett Prize Paper Award and the 1987 Outstanding IEEE Transactions of Automatic Control Paper Award. He has also received several institutional awards, including the Research Excellence Award in 1989, Outstanding Achievement Award in 1999, Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award in 2001, and Stephen Attwood Award in 2004 from The University of Michigan (the highest honor bestowed to Michigan Engineering faculty); a Distinguished Alumni Award of the College of Engineering, Seoul National University in 2002; 2003 IEEE RTC Technical Achievement Award; and 2006 Ho-Am Prize in Engineering (the highest honor bestowed to Korean-origin engineers).
He has chaired several major conferences, including 2009 ACM MobiCom, 2008 IEEE SECON, 2005 ACM/USENIX MobiSys, 2000 IEEE RTAS, and 1987 IEEE RTSS. He is the fellow of both IEEE and ACM. He has also served or is serving on numerous government committees, such as the US NSF Cyber-Physical Systems Executive Committee and the Korean Government R&D Strategy Advisory Committee. He has also helped founding a couple of startups and is currently serving as an Executive Advisor for Samsung Research.
30 years after Weiser's inspirational words on ubiquitous computing, I revisit one of the premises of that work. I propose a new era of self-sustainable computing through the development of computational materials that can be truly woven into the fabric of everyday life and create decades of inspiration for new researchers across a variety of disciplines. I will define and demonstrate some initial examples of computational materials and explain why self-sustainable computing provides a compelling vision for computing in a post-Moore's Law world.
Gregory D. Abowd is a Regents’ Professor and J.Z. Liang Chair in the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Tech, where he has been on the faculty since 1994. An applied computer scientist, Dr. Abowd's research interests concern how the advanced information technologies of mobile, wearable and ubiquitous computing impact our everyday lives when they are seamlessly integrated into our living spaces. Dr. Abowd's work has involved applications as diverse as education (Classroom 2000), home life (The Aware Home) and health (technology and autism, CampusLife). He and his current and former students are active inventors of new sensing and interaction technologies. He has recently helped to co-create an interdisciplinary research effort, COSMOS, which investigates the collaboration of materials, manufacturing, electronics, computing and design to explore an alternative future computing industry. Dr. Abowd is an ACM Fellow and a member of the ACM SIGCHI Academy.
Dr. Roy Want received his doctorate from Cambridge University, England in 1988, and is currently a Research Scientist at Google. Previous positions include Sr. Principal Engineer at Intel Corporation, and a Principal Scientist at Xerox PARC. He holds the grade of ACM and IEEE Fellow. His research interests include mobile and ubiquitous computing, distributed systems, context-aware applications, and electronic identification. He has more than 30 years’ experience working in the field of mobile computing. He served as the Editor-in-chief for IEEE Pervasive Computing from 2006-2009, Chair of the ACM SIGMOBILE Executive Committee from 2009-12 and is currently the Secretary for task group IEEE 802.11az (Next Generation Positioning). He has authored or co-authored more than 85 publications, with 100+ issued patents in this area. For more information about Dr. Want's academic and industrial achievements see http://www.roywant.com/cs/.
Nericell pioneered the use of smartphones as a vehicular sensing platform, at a time when these devices lacked the sensing capabilities that are commonplace today. Nericell showed how smartphones could be used to sense various aspects of road and traffic conditions. In addition to the technical achievements, it influenced a large body of research, inspired others to develop novel uses of smartphone sensors, and fostered new lines of academic and commercial research.