Personal Computing - The New FutureWe are in a period of unprecedented change in the capabilities of the personal computer. Over a three year period from 1998 to 2001 there will be a factor of 100 increase in 3D graphics performance and nearly a factor of 10 increase in hard disk capacity - far outstripping Moore’s law. Significant new features are being added. Video capture, for example, is becoming a mainstream feature with MPEG-2 video encoding and decoding available on low-cost video adapters. These dramatic increases are occurring even as the cost of computing for the average user is quickly dropping. In this talk I will discuss how these hardware changes and the software that will take advantage of them will have a major impact on the way we will work, the way we will learn, the way we will communicate with others and the way we will entertain ourselves in the next decade.
BiographyRichard F. Rashid, is the Vice President of Microsoft Research. He holds a M.S (1977) and a Ph. D. (1980) degree in Computer Science from the University of Rochester and a degree in Mathematics (awarded with Honors) from Stanford University (1974).
Dr. Rashid joined Microsoft as the Director of Research in 1991 focussing on operating systems, computer networking and multiprocessors. In that role he was responsible for creating several key technologies which led to the development of Microsoft's interactive TV system. Prior to joining Microsoft, Dr. Rashid held the position of Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. As a CMU faculty member (since 1979) he directed the design and implementation of several influential network operating systems including the CMU Mach Operating System Project. The Mach kernel is in use worldwide by companies such as NeXT, organizations such as the Open Software Foundation, and corporate and University research laboratories.
Dr. Rashid's research interests are in the areas of artificial intelligence, operating systems, computer networking, and multiprocessors. Over the years, he has participated in the design and implementation of the University of Rochester RIG operating system (1975-79), the Rochester Virtual Terminal Management System (1976-79), the CMU Distributed Sensor Network Testbed (1980-1983), and the CMU's SPICE distributed personal computing environment which included the Accent network operating system (1981-1985). He has published dozens of papers in the areas of computer vision, operating system, programming languages for distributed processing, network protocols and communication security. He is credited with the co-development of one of the earliest networked computer games, Alto Trek, during the mid-1970s.
Dr. Rashid is a past member of the DARPA UNIX Steering Committee and CSNet Executive Committee. He is also a former chairman of the ACM System Awards Committee.
Eye am a Camera: Mediated Reality, WearComp, and the EyeTap CameraI will introduce the concept of "Wearable Computing", along with its original motivation. Recently there has been a great deal of hype and fanfare, along with numerous conferences and symposia on wearable computing, but the fundamental issues (see for example, the lead article of Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 86, No. 11), such as that of personal empowerment, have yet to be addressed amid the hype. We are in a pivotal period of unprecedented change in the way we live and interact while on the move. No longer is computing and communication just the domain of the desktop, but, rather, computing and communications devices are becoming the domain of ordinary everyday experience. Not just for the military industrial soldier or obedient web serfing employee, yes sir!, but, rather, for all of us. I will describe Toronto's "Telephone of the Future" project: an eyeglass--based wearable videoconferencing and multimedia computer system, as well as the wristwatch videophone, also developed in Toronto's Humanistic Intelligence Lab.
BiographySteve Mann is the inventor of the so-called "wearable computer" (WearComp) and of the EyeTap video camera and reality mediator (WearCam). He is currently a faculty member at University of Toronto, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
Dr. Mann has been working on his WearComp invention for more than 20 years, dating back to his high school days in the 1970s. He brought his inventions and ideas to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1991, starting what was to later become the MIT Wearable Computing Project. He also built the world's first covert fully functional WearComp with display and camera concealed in ordinary eyeglasses in 1995, for the creation of his award winning documentary Shooting Back. He received his Ph.D. degree from MIT in 1997 in the new field he had initiated. He is also the inventor of the chirplet transform, a new mathematical framework for signal processing.
Mann was both the founder and the Publications Chair of the first IEEE International Symposium on Wearable Computing (ISWC97).
He also chaired the first Special Issue on Wearable Computing in Personal Technologies Journal, and has given numerous Keynote Addresses on the subject, including the Keynote at the first International Conference on Wearable Computing, the Keynote at the Virtual Reality conference, and the Keynote at the McLuhan Conference on Culture and Technology, on the subject of Privacy issues and Wearable Computers.
He can be reached via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
BiographyPhil Karn is a native of Baltimore, Maryland. He earned a BSEE degree from Cornell University in 1978 and a MSEE from CMU in 1979. From 1979 until 1984, Mr. Karn worked at Bell Laboratories in Naperville, Illinois, and Murray Hill, New Jersey. From 1984 until 1991, he was with Bell Communications Research in Morristown, New Jersey. Since 1991 he has been with Qualcomm in San Diego, where he specializes in wireless data networking protocols, security and cryptography.
Mr. Karn, who holds the amateur (ham) radio callsign KA9Q, has been active in amateur radio satellites, and is one of the original pioneers in the development of amateur packet radio. He helped define the AX.25 link layer protocol and wrote one of the first implementations of TCP/IP for the IBM PC, the KA9Q NOS package.
ProActive ComputingFor over 35 years, Information Technology has been dominated by J.C.R. Licklider’s powerful vision of Interactive Computing / Man-Machine Symbiosis. Although this “Human Centered” line of research has been (and continues to be) tremendously productive, I will present the case for opening a “second front” in the research struggle -- one that zeros in on the boundary between the physical world, which we live in, and the virtual cocoons, in which we shelter our cherished software.
My themes for this second front are:
Although considerable CS research has been conducted in these areas, my claim is that the emergence of networked embedded processors represents an “inflection point” that greatly increases the importance of these topics. It is further claimed that exploring these themes in concert may change our perspective on the role of Computer Science -- and on its relationship to traditional Engineering.
BiographyDr. David Tennenhouse is Director of DARPA's Information Technology Office, where he is responsible for information technology issues of strategic concern, including: advanced computer architectures, operating systems, networks, spoken language systems, collaboration tools and visualization software. David is on secondment to DARPA from MIT's Laboratory for Computer Science and Sloan School of Management, where his research has focused on systems and strategy issues related to distributed computing, telecommunications, and the impact of information technology on organizations.
Dr. Tennenhouse has been one of the pioneers of ATM-based networks and recently led projects investigating: Active Networks, Software Radio, Desktop Multimedia and software-based Sample Processing. He has taught courses on networking, computer systems engineering, computer architecture and information infrastructure. At the Sloan School, Dr. Tennenhouse was a participant in the research initiative to "invent" the organizations of the 21st century. He has also contributed to the development of the Chief Networking Officer (CNO) course, has lectured in the Sloan Senior Executive’s Program and is on the advisory board of the MIT Research Program on Communications Policy.
In addition to his research activities, David has been actively involved in the development of commercial technologies and business strategies. He is one of the founders of a software development firm with expertise in distributed computing and fault tolerant transaction processing. Dr. Tennenhouse has also been a consultant to various organizations, including: Sun Microsystems Laboratory, Continental Cablevision, ComCast, Timeplex, Telco Systems, Olivetti Research, National Westminster Bank and the Union Bank of Switzerland.
David studied Electrical Engineering at the University of Toronto, where he received his B.A.Sc. and M.A.Sc. degrees. In 1989 he completed his Ph.D. at the Computer Laboratory of the University of Cambridge and joined the faculty of MIT. He is a member of the ACM and IEEE and served on the Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. In addition to his journal and conference publications, Dr. Tennenhouse has chaired various workshops and studies concerned with: Information Infrastructure, ATM / Gigabit networking and Advanced Digital Television (HDTV).